Visualization of English Pronunciation
(Note: click on a word to listen to its sound.)
3. Word Group
(Note: click the blank space between two words to listen to the word group that contains both words.)
A word group is either an Intonation Phrase or an Intermediate Phrase. The double vertical line symbol here represents an Intonation Phrase Boundary.
Stressed words are drawn with a large bold font. Unstressed words are drawn with a regular size, normal style font.
Weak forms of function words are drawn with a small italic font.
(Note: Click the blank space above an arc linking two words to listen to their sound.)
(Note: click a phonetic symbol to listen to its sound in the recording.)
The width of the color-filled rectangle behind a phonetic symbol indicates the duration of the segment.
7. Allophonic Variations
( Note: hover your mouse over a number to see the allophonic variation it represents; click a number to see the phonological rule about the variation.)
A number between the two lines of transcription represents either an allophonic variation, or a special reminder. There are 6 numbers in the above figure:
(1)Unaspirated voiceless stop: this is a reminder for Chinese students who often pronounce all voiceless stops as aspirated.
(2)Tapping: /t, d/ between two vowels often become taps or flaps, if the second vowel is unstressed.
(3)Stop without audible release：when two stops occur in a row, the release of the first stop is often inaudible.
(4)Vowel reduction: a vowel in an unstressed syllable is often reduced.
(5)Stop without audible release.
(6)Unaspirated voiceless stop.
8. Pitch Contour
9. Pitch Segments
(Note: click a pitch segment to listen to its sound. )
can be displayed before stressed words in the text.
11. Word Wrap
12. Transcriptions in Paragraphs and Pages